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Mallorca mastiff

(Perro Dogo Mallorquin, Ca de bou)



TRANSLATION: C. Seidler
ORIGIN : Spain
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 11.12.1996
UTILIZATION : Watch and Guard Dog
CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. :
Group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid breeds-Swiss Mountain Cattle Dogs and other breeds.
Section 2.1 Molossian, Mastiff type.
Without working trial
STANDARD no.: FCI - Standard č.  249/ 20.05.1997/E

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY


Since ancient times, seafaring from East to West in the Mediterranean region has led to the exchange of culture and science between nations.  These reciprocal relations, even though mainly of a commercial nature, also gave the opportunity for an exchange of domestic animals.  Amongst these were watch and guard dogs which were needed in harbours and coastal settlements as a protection against pirates and robbers coming in by sea.  Amongst these mostly large, strong, resistant dogs with large heads and powerful teeth, one type distinguished itself.  It was the mastiff of the Iberian Peninsula, which, in Spain, was used in various areas as a hunting or as a fighting dog against bulls and other dogs.  This breed accompanied King Jacob 1 on his conquests and arrived in the Balearics about the year 1230.  In the 17th century, Minorca and others areas came into British possession, following the treaty of Utrecht.  The British brought their own fighting and guard dogs with them into the Balearics and crossed them with the native mastiffs of the Iberian Peninsula, which also occurred in the Balearic Isles.  In the beginning of the 18th century, fights between dogs and bulls (bull baiting) were very popular and the Britons inhabiting the Island looked for a breed which would be held suited to such fights.  These circumstances explain the name “Ca de Bou”, Bull Dog.  In the Spanish Stud Book for the year 1923, the existence of this breed is already established.
The first official entry was in the year 1928 and in 1929, when such a breed was exhibited for the first time at a Dog Show in Barcelona.
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GENERAL APPEARANCE


A typical Molossian of somewhat elongated build, strong and powerful, of medium size.  The difference between the sexes is apparent in the head, whose circumference is definitely greater in dogs than in bitches.

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BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT


Quiet by nature, he can under some circumstances be courageous and brave.  He is at ease with people, faithful and devoted to his master.  As a watch and guard dog, he is unsurpassed.  In quiet situations, he is trusting and self assured.  When roused, his expression is piercing.
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HEAD


Strong and massive.

CRANIAL REGION
Scull

Stop
Seen from side, strongly defined and protruding; seen from front, only noticeable because the eyebrow arches form a definite frontal furrow.

FACIAL REGION
The jaw muscles are strong, protruding, well developed and reach to the middle region below the eye.  Even though there are some folds which occur sideways over the chewing muscles, there are altogether no folds in the skin of the head.

Nose
Black and broad.  The philtrum between the nostrils is well defined.

Muzzle
Set on at inner corner of eye, broad and conical, in profile reminiscent of a blunt cone with a broad base.  The nasal bridge is staight, rising slightly.  Length of muzzle is in proportion of 1 to 3 to length of skull.

Lips
Laterally the upper lip covers the lower lip to the middle part of the muzzle, where the corner of the mouth appears.  The upper lip is rather taut, whereas the lower lip is folded in its middle part, so that in a closed muzzle, the lips are not noticeable.  The completely red mucous membrane of the mouth cavity has distinct transversal ridges and the rims of the gums have black pigment.

Jaws / Teeth
The jaws are strong, incisors in a correct row and canines well apart.  The mouth is complete, teeth white and strong.  The bite is undershot; the gap of the not exaggerated undershot bite should not be more than 1 cm.  When the muzzle is closed, teeth must not be visible.

Eyes
Large, oval in shape, lids wide open, clearly outlined and slightly slanting. Colour should be as dark as possible and according to coat colour.  Conjunctiva not visible.  Looked at from front, white of eyes should not be visible.  The eyes are deep set and far apart.

Ears
Set on high and to the sides, rather small, with inner ear opening visible and drawn backwards in a curve; it is a so called “rose ear”.  In repose, the tip of the ear is below the line of the eye.

Neck
Strong, thick, in harmony to the whole.  At set on, roughly the diameter of the head; fitting well into withers.  Skin slightly loose; thin dewlap permitted.
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BODY


Loins and flanks
Short, relatively narrow, with definite arch towards croup.

Croup
1 to 2 cm higher in position than withers.  Slanting to horizontal at an angle of 30 degrees and slightly narrower than chest.

Chest
The rib cage is somewhat cylindrical, deep and reaches to the elbows.  As the tops of the shoulder blades are wide apart, the chest is broad at the height of the withers.
The chest line runs parallel to the ground. The belly line rises and is tucked up lightly, not greyhound-like.

Tail
Low set on.  Thick at root, tapering towards the tip.  Hangs naturally in repose; in action it forms a slight curve and is raised to height of the top line.
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LIMBS


FOREQUARTERS

Shoulders
Moderately short, slightly, slanting, hardly protruding.

Upper arm
Straight, parallel, set well apart.

Elbow

Standing away from the chest because of width of breast but in no way turned out.

Forearm
Well muscled, straight, strong bone structure.

Front feet
Strong with thick, close together, lightly rounded toes.  Pads slightly pigmented.

HINDQUARTERS
Muscles broader than in forequarters.

Upper thigh
Broad, naturally angulated.

Hock
Short, straight, strong.  Dewclaws not desired.

Hind feet
Strong with thick toes which are longer than those of front feet but altogether oval in shape. 
Pigmented pads preferred
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GAINT / MOVEMENT


Skin
Rather thick.  Close fitting to body except on neck, where a slight dewlap may occur.

Hair
Short and rough to the touch.

Colour
Brindle, fawn and black, preference in this order.  In brindle dogs, dark tones are preferred, in fawn, the deeper shade is preferred.  White patches are permitted on front feet, on chest and on muzzle up to a maximum of 30% of the whole coat.  A black mask is also permitted.
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SIZE AND WEIGHT


Height at the withers
for dogs:     from 55 to 58 cm
for bitches: from 52 to 55 cm.

Weight
for dogs the weight ranges from 35 to 38 kg
for bitches the weight ranges from 30 to 34 kg.
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FAULTS


Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

SERIOUS FAULTS


Dogs which are taller at withers than their height at croup.
Undershot by more than 1 cm.
Scissor or pincer bite.
Lack of two premolars.
Lack of rose ears, ears which lie flat, close to cheeks.  Ears set on erect, even if the back third is the shape of a rose ear.
Tail shaped like a Bulldog’s.
Any other serious fault according to the standard.
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DISQUALIFYING FAULTS


Aggresive or overly shy.
Overshot mouth.
Light or yellow eyes.
Cropped ears or docked tail.
White colour which takes up more than 30% of the whole body elsewhere than on front legs, chest and muzzle.
Patches of any other colour.

MEASUREMENTS FOR A MEDIUM SIZE DOG



Weight 36 kg
Height at croup 58 cm
Height at withers 56 cm
Chest circumference 78 cm
Head circumference   59,5 cm

Length from back skull to set on of tail

73 cm

Length from back skull to end of muzzle

22 cm
Length of muzzle to stop 8 cm

Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
N.B.
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
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